sst2

sst2_118- Developmental psychology

118
All right, class. Yesterday, I told you that we were going to start looking at a field of psychology called developmental psychology. This branch of psychology looks at the many ways people’s minds and bodies develop from before they’re even born until they die. So we should just start at the beginning. I think. Let’s start with infants. So, when a baby is born up until he or she starts talking, the baby is referred to as an infant. Infants can’t do a lot of things that older children can do. Let’s look at the physical side of things. Babies are born with really poor vision. Actually, they’re legally blind when born. Infants can mostly make out large shapes and stuff, but they can’t tell detail. Also, their sense of color isn’t very good. For a long time, psychologists thought infants were colorblind right after birth. As it turns out, research has shown that most babies can, in fact, make out bright colors. For example, an infant can tell the difference between a bright red ball and a bright blue ball. But it would be much harder for an infant to tell the difference between a light blue ball and a dark blue ball. Anyway, as infants get older, their sense of sight improves. Some psychologists think that by the age of six months, an infant’s vision will be almost the same as an adult’s.
Main points:
Developmental psychology
The development of people’s minds and bodies
Infant and older children
The physical side of things
Legally blind babies
Being born with poor vision
Making out large shapes and stuff
A good sense of colors (being colorblind after birth)
Making out bright colors
The improvement of the sense of sight

Other points:
The age of six months
The infant’s vision
Being the same as an adult’s vision

Sample answer:
The lecture was about developmental psychology, which comprised the development of people’s minds and bodies. The spokesperson described infant and older children, and the essence of legally blind babies emphasized the significance of being born with poor vision. Ultimately, although making out large shapes and bright colors could be inferred evidently from improvement of the sense of sight, impacts of being the same as an adults’ vision were acknowledged. (64)

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